Major League Soccer Rules:
- MLS follows the rules and standards of the International Football Association Board (IFAB).
- Major League Soccer's regular season runs from March to November with its teams playing 30 games in a balanced schedule:
a) Each team plays 4 games (2h/2a) against all 4 teams in their division (16 games).
b) Each team plays 1 game (5h/5a) against the remaining 10 teams in their conference (10 games).
c) Each team plays 1 game (2h/2a) against 4 random international soccer teams in other leagues during August (4 games).
- Midway through the season, teams break for the annual All-Star Game, a friendly game between the league's finest players and a major club from a different league.
- At the end of the regular season, the team with the highest point total is awarded the Supporters' Shield (for those who don't know, it echoes the practice of the top European soccer leagues in which the team with the best record is the champion).
- Unlike European soccer leagues, the MLS regular season is followed by the 8-team MLS Cup Playoffs in November, ending with the MLS Cup championship final in early December.
- Each club is allowed up to 30 players on its first team roster; all 30 players are eligible for selection to each 18-player game-day squad during the regular season and playoffs.
- Players occupying roster spots 1-24 will earn at least $42,000.
- Players occupying roster spots 25-30 will earn at least $32,600.
- The playoff extra time structure follows IFAB standards: two full 15-minute periods, followed by a penalty shootout if necessary.